Welcome to the Spitz (German/Japanese) Breed Information blog

This is a blog devoted to the lovely Spitz breed. We will try to provide information for all spitz family, Japanese Spitz, German Spitz, Finnish Spitz, Pomeranian. Feel free to contact us to send us your dog pictures.

Wednesday, January 12, 2011

Selecting the Right Dog Breed for Your Family and Lifestyle

It's important to do your research before deciding to adopt a dog. Different breeds have different temperaments and qualities. Here we have outlined some common dog breeds to help you select the right dog.

Old English Sheepdog

The Old English Sheepdog, nicknames Bobtail, is a British breed that belongs to the herding group of dogs. They are a large breed that stands between 22 and 24 inches tall and they usually weigh around 66 pounds, giver or take 5 pounds. They have a long fluffy coat that includes shades of white, gray, blue, and grizzle. This is a playful and smart dog that has a natural instinct to protect its family. Because of these traits they make a great family dog, and they even get along with other pets.


The Samoyed, also called the Samayedskaya, is a Russian working breed. These dogs were originally used as herding dogs and guard dogs for reindeer herds. Today they still a very active working dog taking on responsibilities for herding, pulling sleds, guarding homes, and caring for their human families.

The Samoyed is a medium sized dog that stands between 18 and 22 inches tall and weighs between 50 and 60 pounds. They have a medium to long overcoat that is harsh and straight and a soft downy undercoat. This dog is mainly found in shades of white and cream.

Foxhound (English)

The English Foxhound is a British hunting dog that can be traced back to at least the 16th century. They were originally bred to hunt in packs. This breed was the result of mixing several hounds including the greyhound, with a bulldog and a fox terrier. Today these dogs are still used for fox hunting, however they also are used for family pets.

The English Foxhound stands between 23 and 27 inches tall and they weigh between 55 and 75 pounds. Their hair is short and hard, like the American Foxhound, and their coat comes in black, white, tan, bicolor and tricolor coats. In order to train this dog you need to be firm and consistent. They are a smart dog, however, they get distracted easily by fresh scents.

Tibetan Spaniel

The Tibetan Spaniel, also called the Prayer Dog, is a an ancient non-sporting dog that originated in Tibet. It was originally developed as a companion and watch dog. They are a cute little dog that stands about 10 inches tall and weighs between 9 and 15 pounds. They have a medium to long silky coat that comes in a variety of spaniel colors. The Tibetan Spaniel is an intelligent breed that is good with kids, cats, and other dogs. However, they have a tendency to display female to female dog aggression.

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, also called the Korthals Griffon, the Pointing Wirehaired Griffon and the Griffon D'Arret a Poil Dur, is a hunting dog that originated in France. This breed was created by crossing a Griffon of Barbet with Small Munsterlanders, Setters, Pointers and the Braque Francais.

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon stands between 22 and 24 inches tall and they usually weigh between 50 and 60 pounds. Their coat is coarse, hard, and variegated. Some of the color combinations that are typically associated with this breed include white and chestnut, gray and chestnut, and pure white.


The Briard, also referred to as the Berger de Brie, is a French breed that was originally bred over 1,000 years ago as shepherd. They are a good sized dog that usually stands between 23 and 27 inches tall, and they usually weigh about 75 pounds. They have a long and wavy top coat that protects their dense undercoat. This breed can be found in shades of black and fawn.

To care for this breed you will need to brush its coat semi-daily. This will help to keep their hair free of tangles and matting, and it will help to distribute their natural oils which will protect their skin and hair from drying out. They do not need a lot of exercise, however, a gentle walk after dinner is always appreciated. This breed has a couple of health problems including hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy.

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, is a Canadian breed that belongs to the gundog class. They stand between 17 and 21 inches tall and usually weigh between 37 and 51 pounds. They have a medium to long length coat that is thick and wavy. Their coats are red fox with markings on their faces, feet, chests, and on the tips of their tails. This is a great family dog as they are patient and playful.


The Weimaraner, also called the Weimaraner Vorstehhund, is a German breed that developed at least 125 years ago. They are a large dog breed that stands between 22 and 27 inches tall and that weigh between 70 and 86 pounds. They have a short sleek coat that comes in shades of silvers and grays. They are good with kids and other pets, however, they will need to be socialized and trained to make living together peaceful.

Irish Water Spaniel

The Irish Water Spaniel is an Irish breed that was created to be a waterfowl retriever. Today they are used as a hunting dog and as a family dog. They have a very friendly and playful temperament and they get along with kids as long as the play doesn't get too rough. This breed does have a tendency to be dog aggressive so they will need to be either an only pet or they will need to be properly socialized and trained to accept a housemate.

The Irish Water Spaniel stands between 20 and 23 inches tall and they weigh between 45 and 65 pounds. Its coat is designed to help protect the Irish Water Spaniel from the water is works in. It is made up of a dense layer of tight liver colored curls.


The Pomeranian is a German breed that has existed since at least the 18th century. It is suspected that they developed from a Spitz-like founding breed. This toy breed stands between 8 and 11 inches tall and weighs between 3 and 7 pounds. They have a long and fluffy coat that can come in just about any color. They are a very active and friendly dog, however, they usually don't get along well with young children. They do make a great companion dog for the elderly as they don't need a lot of exercise beyond what they get running around inside.

Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher, also called the Reh Pinscher, the Zwergpinscher, and the Mini Pin, is a German breed. They belong to the toy group and it is suspected that they descended from a crossing of the German Pinscher, the Dachshund, and the Italian Greyhound. This breed was developed as a ratter and as a watchdog. Today this little dog is used mostly as a family pet.

The Miniature Pinscher stands between 10 and 12 inches tall and weighs between 8 and 10 pounds. Their coat is short, hard and smooth. They come in three basic coat colors, black, chocolate, and blue. This dog is best suited for families with older kids, as they don't like to be pestered and rough housed with. They also get along well with other pets. Some of the health concerns that this breed has include eye problems and patella luxation.

Dog Obedience Training - How to Train Your Dog to Guard

What is the necessity of a guard dog? A guard dog helps to protect the assets, both moveable and immovable, of the possessor. For this essential or highly significant reason a guard dog is trained by the owner himself or by professional dog obedience training. This indicates that you shall have to prepare your own dog and help it to grow like a perfect guard dog. However you should know the difference between a guard dog and watchdog beforehand. While the first one is trained also to attack any intruder whenever necessary, the watchdog tries to admonish their possessors through ceaseless barking.

Now before embarking on the process of dog obedience training you must detect the breed of the dog. The most famous breeds in the global arena are Doberman Pinschers and German Shepherd Dogs. They, due to their genetic influences, are appropriate in the roles of guard dogs. This is only possible due to their inherent qualities. Any guard dog should be daring, sharp and committed to work at the same time. In this situation both the Doberman Pinschers and German Shepherd happen to be marvelous. On the contrary just imagine the dogs like pug and spitz. They are completely incompetent in this role and if you misidentify them there may be a mess.

What does this indicate? Any guard dog training remains in the need of meticulous planning and implementation. You shall have to teach the dog both drive and bite and keep them in the schedule also. Now there are different types of guard dog training as a part of the dog obedience training. You shall have to opt for the most apt and meaningful one depending on the characteristics of the dog. Never forget that the success of the training depends on you. You are the key person to decide how your dog should react to different situations. Its aggressiveness or timid attitude depends largely on this.

Remember that this is also a part of the dog obedience training. But this training should be given to a dog who has already undergone the dog obedience training or even its basics. Any obedience training establishes the base and also the relationship between the dog and the owner. If the dog is already obedient, the rate of success will be higher.

Its also necessary to train the dog in the best way so that it can steer clear of the association of other dogs, especially of the other sex, along with mice and cats. These are nothing but distractions and that hamper the concentration of the dog in a great way. It's also the time for you to sharpen its barking skills. The best feature for which a dog gets admiration is barking. This is essential to send a shudder in the spinal chord of any intruder. The louder the bark of a dog is, the more respect it gets.

There are also different schools nowadays to impart the same training. You can take your dog to them. But all of them are not good. The best will be if you train.

Norwegian Buhund Dog Breed Description and History

Description: The Norwegian Buhund is a Spitz type dog, which is of medium size. The muzzle is the same length as the skull. The eyes have black rims, that are oval in shape and dark in colour, their eyes appear sad, but intelligence. They have medium-sized ears that are erect, and mobile. Their legs are straight, with good pads on their feet, these are small and webbed.

The Buhund tail is over the back and tightly curled this breed has a double coat. This is smooth to the touch while being harsh, with the undercoat is soft and woolly. The colour ranges this dog comes in are; biscuit, from light yellowish red, black, wheaten and wolf-sable. Males are 17 to 18 inches in height where as the bitches are 16 to 17 in height. Males are 31 to 40 pounds in weight whereas the bitches are 26 to 26 inches to 35 lbs in weight.

History: The Norwegian Buhund breed has been discovered in a Viking grave, dating from about the year 900. The Vikings were believed to use this breed, to protect farm animals, herding cattle, and sheep. There is evidence these dogs travelled widely with the Vikings on land and sea. In ancient times, they hunted bears and wolves. This breed can score well in the obedience, and do well in agility trials.

The Buhund dog is still a working dog guarding homes and families and is still a livestock guard. This is considered to be one of the easiest Spitz breeds to train as it is keen and willing to please. This dog has good learning aptitude. The Norwegian Buhund was first recognized by the AKC in 2009.

Ainu Dog Breed History and Description

Description: The Ainu is thin, but sturdy and muscular. Here is a spontaneous and speedy dog. The Ainu has upright triangular ears; these are at right angles to the dog's brows. It has small but triangular dark brown eyes. The teeth are non- protruding, solid and healthy. In some dogs, we see black spots on the tongue. The muzzle is straight and ends with a black nose. The tail has a curl like the Spitz family. The legs are straight and lean. It is 18-22 inches in height and the weight is 45-65 pounds. This breed has a double coat that is harsh and straight. The colours are white, wolf, brindle, red, brown, and sesame. The life expectancy is 11-13 years.

History: This dog came from Japan and is part of the Japanese Spitz family. This breed is still rarely seen outside of the country. The start, and history, of this breed is not known, but we know that they were in Japan some 3,000 years ago where they were brought by the Ainu tribe. This led to the tribe, and the dog, being pushed onto the island of Hokkaido. Here the dogs' role was one of the guardian to the local villages as they are very alert.

The Ainu is thought to be one of the oldest dogs' of Japan. The blue-black tongue shows a distant relationship with the Chow Chow and the Shar Pei. This dog is good at big game hunting such as bears and has now become a designated Japanese Natural Monument. Some of their talents are in guarding and hunting. This dog has been used for sled pulling and can be trained to be defensive. The dog has a fantastic ability to sense direction and can find its owner over vast distances. This dog is also called the Hokkaido, after the area it lived, by Thomas Blankiston in 1869. This is a rare dog breed.

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Know Your Dog's Paw Health Issues

Dog health and its paw problems should be cared properly by the dog owners. More and more people are going for dogs as a pet animal as these animals are lovely by the look and are very affectionate with the owners. These dogs earn the family member status in most of the houses because of their behavior. Let us discuss about the dog health and paw problems of the dog here.

Dog health

Heath of the dog is very important as like the human being the dogs are also susceptible to various, bacterial diseases, viral diseases, parasitic infestation , fungal infection , food allergy, skin allergy etc. the environment in which the dog is kept places a major role in dogs health problem . hence the dogs if they are kept in clean environment, given nutritious , hygienic food, vaccinated against all possible viral diseases and taken to pet clinic for regular health check-up, there can be hardly any health problem for the dog.

The paws, the different types of the paws and its problems

The paws of the dogs can be compared to the sole of the foot of the human beings. The paws of the dogs are the same basically in all aspects in all the breeds of the dogs. There slight difference in some dogs. In dogs the third digital bone is much shorter; hence they are also called as cat feet. The breeds like Doberman, Akita, Finnish spitz, new found land, giant schnauzer, bull terrier, Airedale terrier, kees hound, and English sheep dog are the examples of breeds with cat like feet. This kind of feet helps the dog in many ways. The dog requires very less energy to lift the feet. The dogs can move faster. The dog's remains energetic as less energy is spent as the feet are compact.

Some dogs are having hare feet. Here the center toes are longer than the side toes. The breeds that are having hare feet are also called are toy breeds. They are Bedlington terrier, Samoyed, Skye terrier, grey hound and borzoi.

The main purpose of the paw of the dog is to absorb the shock while jumping and running. The paw also gives flexibility in the movement. These paws bear the weight of the animal while the animal is on the move. The structural faults like straight shoulders, loose shoulders and hips, and imbalance between the front and back structure can affect the paw of the dogs. Hence these structural abnormalities need to be corrected in order to protect the paw.

The paws are likely to be damaged more as these parts are constantly in touch with the floor. The paws need to be checked for any wound at periodic interval. In case if there is any, it should be treated at once, otherwise the organisms can gain entry in to the body thus establishing serious infection.

Hence by taking care of the dog as a member of the family, the dog health and its paw problems can be protected.

Dog Digging - How to Manage Your Dog's Digging Habit

When it comes to dogs and their desire to dig rather large holes in the yard it's hard to imagine that you can train your dog where to dig and on one side of the coin it's often thought that dogs should be allowed to continue with their digging as, after all it's in a dog's nature and nothing should stop them from doing what they do best. Another side to this coin is that no matter how much they long for this type of behaviour, there is absolutely no place in any garden for a dog of any shape, size or breed, to participate in this erratic pastime they seem to treasure so much, especially when those rosebuds took so much time and hard work to grow. I'm in favour of a compromise, as I believe that given a small amount of supervision and management, you can train your dog where to dig his or her hole, in harmony with watching the garden grow and that just because a dog wants to express itself naturally it doesn't mean it has to completely destroy the flowerbeds in the process.

If you're wondering whether some dogs have a tendency to dig more than others, it is a known fact that certain breeds are more prone to this behaviour and if you're wanting to take a vested interest in preventing the possibility of a dog digging in your back yard, it would be wise to steer clear of Nordic breeds such as certain members of the Spitz breed, and also Malamutes and Huskies. Terriers are another type of dog that has shown particular interest in digging holes. Incidentally Terrier comes from the Latin word terrarius, meaning "of the earth" so that tells you something. Although these breeds govern the likelihood of a dog's desire to dig, it's not carved in stone but it is however possible to train your dog where to dig regardless of the breed.

There are a number of reasons why a dog feels compelled to dig but here are a few of them:

The need to broaden its horizons. Sometimes a back yard just isn't enough space for a dog, no matter how big the yard is and its only consolation is in knowing what lies beyond that fence. It's the adventure of finding out that lures it into such mischievous activity. Separation anxiety. When you're one side of the fence and the dog is forced to remain on the other, it finds that a straight line is the shortest distance between you and the dog and strategy comes into play when it decides in which direction the burrowing should take place. Boredom. This can cause a dog to do a number of things but digging a hole is one of the first things on its list of priorities. A dog needs to feel it has a purpose in life, a rewarding job to perform that's interesting, keeping its mind occupied and avoiding total frustration. Lack of exercise. If a dog isn't allowed some healthy, vigorous walking, for at least forty-five minutes a day, it needs a way to burn off all that extra nervous energy so digging a large hole seems just the way to deal with this. Some of the more obvious reasons why dogs dig can be dealt with quite easily, such as your dog not getting enough physical activity. That being the case, simply take him for longer walks and more frequently. If your dog becomes easily bored, allow him more toys to play with or things to chew on while you're away. For those dogs that have an uncanny knack of escaping from whatever solitary confinement you can offer, either put him in a crate for a while or keep him inside the house where he's not as likely to leave the premises. There are still some dogs that despite your best efforts dig holes simply for their own enjoyment. For these characters a more subtle approach is required:

Allow nature to work in your favour. If your dog is completely destroying your flowerbeds, plant the type of blossoms that offer their own protection such as roses; they have thorns that most dogs would think twice about messing with, and deep roots, just one more thing they have to worry about. Access can be restricted. One of the best ways to deal with a dog's digging habit is by supervising your dog in the yard; he won't be given the opportunity for digging. Another deterrent nature provides is a dog's dislike for digging anywhere near poop, even those dogs that eat it (a condition called coprophagia). A very effective approach is to purposely leave some of this in strategic areas of the yard where he's likely to want to dig; he'll avoid it at all costs. Not particularly enjoyable for you but at least it works! Spray him with water. Dogs usually don't like to get wet so turning on the hose and giving him a cold shower may just be the answer when you see him digging in a place he knows he shouldn't be digging at all. Lay chicken wire. If laid near the fence or at other locations where your dog is likely to dig, after a few tries he'll get the message and not dig there again - just make sure that it's buried deep enough that it won't be visible; an inch or two under the surface should be just fine. It's a bit time-consuming but it's well worth the effort. Having said all this a dog is still a dog after all and there's nothing that's going to change that and if he feels it's absolutely necessary to dig a hole he will do whatever he can to accomplish that. Before embarking on a lot of time-consuming methods to prevent him from doing what he loves to do, try redirecting his digging habit to a more appropriate area of the yard. It's perfectly natural for a dog to want to dig, just as it's quite normal for you not to want him to do that so why not find a compromise? Select a corner of the yard and dedicate it to the dog and only the dog. That way, once he becomes aware that his digging must only be done in that corner, he'll treat it like it's his own and he will know that he can do anything he wants there and feel quite safe and at home that he won't be reprimanded about things he does there. It's up to you of course to make it known in no uncertain terms that under no circumstances must he dig anywhere else but in his own corner of the yard, he'll soon get the hang of it!

Not everyone can afford to give an entire corner of the yard to their dog. In this case a sandbox is the answer. You can buy one or even make one; it's not that hard to do, just make sure it's deep enough for him to dig in. Place it in an appropriate part of the yard and fill it with a combination of earth and sand, then lay some grass or leaves over it if you prefer, and bury some of those tasty marrowbones he likes, in the sandbox and start to scratch around in there to show him what it's for. Once he gets to know what he can expect to find inside he'll want to check it out as often as he can to see what's new. Give him a treat when he starts to dig in there, as this will encourage him even more. The important thing to remember here is that although he's become acquainted with his new sandbox, he must realize that every other part of the yard is off-limits as far as digging is concerned. Some initial hollering and scolding may be in order to reinforce your point of view. He'll understand soon enough.

To find out more about other types of anti-social behaviour that dog's tend to engage in, check out Secrets to Dog Training. It's what every responsible dog owner needs, an in-depth, how-to reference, full of tips and tricks on raising a well-adjusted, happy and healthy dog: from obedience work to problem behaviours and dog psychology, Secrets to Dog Training has it all.

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

The Keeshond - Intelligent and Affectionate Companion Dog

An Introduction to the Keeshond

The Keeshond (plural is Keeshonden) is an extremely affectionate dog that tends to get along wonderfully with people and with other pets in the household. They are a medium sized dog, weighing about thirty-five to forty-five pounds and stand at seventeen to eighteen inches tall.

The Keeshond History - Dog of the Patriots

The world almost didn't get to enjoy this great companion, though. It was in the late 1700s that the breed almost disappeared. The people of Holland dared to stand up to the royalists at about the same time the colonists in the New World were preparing to fight King George of England.

The Dutch commoners chose as their mascot a medium-sized dog that had served for centuries as the guard dog on barges and as a household companion. The leader of the Patriots had one of these dogs that followed him everywhere. The dog's name was Kees.

The Patriots were not victorious and people were afraid to be seen with a dog that had stood for the rebellion, so these great dogs almost disappeared. Then in 1920 Baroness van Hardenbroek found a few of these dogs that had been kept in low profile by farmers and river boatmen. She used the fine individuals to bring the breed back.

The Baroness fought the attempt to change the name of the dog to German Spitz, and in 1925 the breed was officially changed to Keeshond (after the dog Kees, mentioned above, and the Dutch word for dog, "hond"). It is now the national dog of Holland.

The Keeshond's Temperament

The Keeshond is very smart and such a great companion that it's a bit of a mystery why it is not more popular in the United States. In 2006 they were ranked 93rd most popular dog by the AKC.

Like many dogs they want to be inside with their family instead of locked outdoors. They make great housedogs: playful, attentive, loving, content to take it easy, and yet ready for adventure. A daily walk and a play time is all they need each day to satisfy its needs for exercise.

They are also easily trained, friendly to everyone but yet an alert watchdog, and an excellent companion for children and adults. With their thick fur they can tolerate cold temperatures but cannot tolerate heat.

Like dogs such as Border Collies and Shetland Sheepdogs, the Keeshond has a double coat to keep them warm. This coat requires brushing once or twice a week and more often when shedding.

Unlike herding and hunting dogs the Keeshond is a general, all-purpose dog. An excellent watchdog, friendly and affectionate, they are a wonderful pet for any family who is looking for a dog to share their home.

Dogs - Three Lessons from Some Great Dogs I Have Known

1. Johnny - some sort of mix between sheep herding dog and a collie that I had when I was about 4 until after I went to college. Johnny taught me loyalty and the ability to do things that are hard to do because you have to do them. I must have been about 6 or7 that warm day. I was swinging on the backyard swing, barefooted, dragging my feet through the no grass area underneath the swing. Suddenly, Johnny went berserk and acted like he was going to chew my feet off. So, now, I am standing in the swing. And then I see the prettiest coral snake right where my feet had been. Now, I'm hollering and out came the whole family - and my daddy ran and got the hoe. As soon as the snake was gone, Johnny, rubbed me with his nose and me and licked as if to say "I'm so sorry for scaring you, but I didn't want the snake to bite you."

2. Li' Toot - an "accident" when from breeding pugs and breeding chihuahuas who bred. We got Lil' Toot and his brother, Big Toot about the same time I became pregnant. Lil' Toot taught me that sometimes you don't need to be one who always gives in. Sometimes, you just need to stand your grand! Both of them liked to pile in my lap while I reclined in the recliner and read the newspaper. This unborn child could very easier have gone out for the soccer team because of his kicking ability. Apparently, he kicked both dogs at the same time. Bib Toot, being the mild gentleman that he was, moved over. Not Lil' Toot - no way! He looked at my ever increasing tummy, growled, and promptly laid back in the exact same place. I felt the baby roll over and kick someplace else.

3. Goya - a beautiful, white spitz. She was given to us when the little boy who kicked Lil' Toot was nearly 4 years old. Goya taught me that sometimes you have to do the right thing instead of the easy thing. I watched in horror from my kitchen window as that little boy climbed to the very crossbar of the swing set and started to walk across it. (Last time I took him to the circus for awhile!) If I hollered he would fall. If I rushed out, I would startle him and he would fall. Goya was watching him as well. Only she was there and I got there as quickly as possible. She followed him along the ground and crouched down. Just as I got there, he fell and landed on her. She could have moved at any time - but didn't. The doctor said she kept him from breaking his collarbone - it was only dislocated. The vet said Goya was fine, even if she was a little bruised and no doubt sore.

The Five-Minute Guide to Keeping Your Dog Fit and Healthy

Keeping your dog fit and healthy really is a no-brainer, and yet you're seeing as many unfit, overweight dogs as you see unfit, obese people. And yet there is a simple solution to both problems: combine a healthy, nutritious diet with regular exercise.

Feeding and your dog's health and fitness:

The sheer variety and amount of dog food that is available in your local supermarket is quite staggering. And for many pet owners it's difficult to know where to start.

Should I get the dry food, wet food, in a pouch? Feed canned food, raw, scraps, homemade, road kill? The short and most useful answer is always buy good quality food for your dog. Would you be content feeding your family, or yourself, on only the very cheapest of food? Probably not. However, a great many dog owners allow their dog's to consume the cheapest muck on the market.

A dog's nutritional needs are exactly the same as ours: A proportionally balanced diet of minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, vegetable matter and fats are necessary to maintain good health.

If you're competent enough to create a nutritious an appetizing daily diet for your dog- then go ahead. This is how I've fed most of my dogs. But if you decide to use the supermarkets' offerings make sure that you only buy the Premium brands. Whether you choose wet, dry or canned, find one that your dog likes and stay with it. Any changes from dry, to canned, or to any other food type should be done gradually to avoid stomach upsets.

In general, use the manufacturer's guide, which gives a daily-recommended amount for the size of your pet. Only increase the recommended amount if your dog is looking on the thin side.

Treats are another food item that's heavily promoted by the supermarkets; for dogs and for us. Because we're fond of treats we assume that our dogs are, and we'd be right. Their treats like ours are usually high in calories. The more enlightened of us know that it's wise not to eat too many, but our dogs don't possess that knowledge. So, we need to know when to hold back on our dogs' treats in the same way that we do with ours.

Exercise and your dog's health and fitness.

All dogs whether they're young or old need exercising. How much exercise a dog needs is dependent on his breeding, his size, and his age. Many owners are led to believe that large dogs need more exercise than small one's. However, with some breeds the reverse of that is true.

Every breed of dog was originally bred to do some form of work, ranging from the highly strenuous sled hauling of the Spitz group of dogs, to the agility and intelligence required by a Collie to herd sheep. If you fit the exercise to your dog's breed type you won't go far wrong. For example Cocker Spaniels were bred to flush out game.

So, exercise a Spaniel where there are bushes, bracken, and the scent of game, such as rabbits, birds, etc. Not only does your dog get a physical workout he's also getting mental stimulation in to the bargain. Labrador's and Retrievers love games that involve retrieving: incorporate that in to your walks.

The quickest way to promote obesity in your dog is to confine it to the home all day. You're also decreasing your pet's life span, quality of life- and like any prisoner- driving it crazy with boredom.

Dogs' need to run and play, and off lead activity is better by far than the quick round the block, on the lead, exercise that many dogs are saddled with. Thirty minutes to an hour per day is all that's required to keep your dog in good shape, and it won't do you too much harm either.

Dog Grooming - Do You Really Have To Groom Your Dog All The Time!

Dog grooming. Is it really necessary?

In most families, dogs are more than just the family pets. They are valued members of our family, a playmate and protector. They give unconditional love and all that they want in return is to be loved and taken care of.

Part of this care is grooming. It is very important that you find the right person to groom your dog. Dog grooming is not an easy occupation. It is difficult work that requires adequate professional training and a dedication to dogs; it also helps if you truly like dogs.

Dogs can sense what type of person you are and will act or react according to what they sense. If you have a love of dogs, and take pride in their appearance, then dog groomer may be right for you.

It is however, important that you gain experience with dog grooming before you start out on your own. Dog grooming experience might be gained through apprenticeship; therefore, it is wise to spend at least one-year gaining experience from a well-respected groomer.

Grooming a dog is more than keeping the coat and skin clean and healthy, it also involves looking after the dogs nails, teeth, eyes and ears.

Dog grooming does a couple of things for your canine:

It makes him or her look better and it contributes to both his and her mental and physical health. It is not just a luxury for your canine companion; it is also a health requirement. Grooming is essential both for the dogs well being and for the owners enjoyment of a clean pet. If you have a show dog, then you know how important it is to keep him or her groomed properly.

It literally means the difference between winning and loosing a competition. Having a properly brushed dog is important to keep a silky and shiny coat, however, it is equally important the fact that the judges also check the show dogs eyes, ears, and teeth.

Grooming also involves making sure your pets ears are cared for. This aspect of grooming is very important because dogs rely on their hearing more than the other senses so keeping the ears properly maintained is crucial. It is very easy for a dog to lose their hearing if their ears are not cleaned properly.

It is the practice of caring for the appearance of a canine for personal or showing purposes. It is important to understand that brushing the entire coat is extremely important. Brushing only over the top of the longer outside hairs can compact the undercoat and promote mats.

"Daily grooming can be fun and enjoyable, but the process of grooming your dog will vary depending which dog breed you have"

Some dog breeds require professional grooming, there is just no way a round it. Some of the herding dog breeds, along with some Spitz, Hound and hunting dogs have specialists coats and require particular attention.

The famous Poodle and Shin Tzu and also dogs requiring experienced grooming at regular times throughout the year. You can learn to groom your dog adequately, as long as you have the right tools, a patient dog and a whole lot of time!

Dog grooming can be a very soothing experience for dog and owner.

However, it will be something your dog will grow to enjoy. Once you have established a daily routine of grooming your dog, he or she will jump for joy when the dog brush comes out. It will be quality time you both will enjoy.

How To Teach Your Dog To Rollover In Two Weeks

I'm no professional dog trainer but, an average person that knows the easy technique to teach any of my dogs how to rollover within a matter of two weeks. Friends are amazed when I call my dog and I tell her to rollover and she does what I command but, I always reward her for an amazing little performance.

I have been teaching the rollover technique to my dogs for the last thirty years when my mother told me to teach our Border Collie how to rollover and I told my mother something like Yeah Right how do you do something that is so complicated like that. She said watch me so, I watched her very closely to learn how to do it on my own but, I still wasn't sure that it was going to pan out in the long run.

After few minutes she was done showing me and it was my turn to practice what she showed me and by the time I was done it seem like our Border Collie was already getting the hang of it on the first lesson.(WOW) So, after that first day I was committed to teaching that same technique at least once day for nearly two weeks.

Why I did quit after two weeks was because, I could not make that Border Collie do any better performance than she was already doing and I was very happy that my dog understood what I teaching to him very well and in very short time. Anytime you wanted that dog to show-off we would grab some kind of treat usually some left-over table scraps and hold it in my right hand and twirl it circular motion while saying rollover all at same time. My dog would commence to rolling over time after time but, no more than three times and my pooch was given his treat for a job well done.

The second dog that I taught was my Alaskan Spitz and her name was Shasha and she learned to roller-over as quickly as the Border Collie but, I did not ever think about training two different dogs that I had the same time. We enjoyed Shasha and her great abilities to roll-over talent and her long life as our beloved pet that lived about 20 human years.

My third dog is a Rat Terrier that I have right now and her name is Starr named by my wife for having a star looking shape right on her nose when she was a pup. As you probably know that these are hyper dogs and she does get a little carried away when she wants a treat and sometime her roll-over turns into craziness dance but, we love her because, we know that she has over abundance of energy that she don't ever get to completely burn up around our home.

The whole technique of learning your dog to roll-over is very easy and by starting out with you having some likeable treat then get down your knees with the dog right in front of you begging for the treat. Preferably hold the treat in your left hand just high for the dog not to be able to reach the treat and with your right hand gently hold down on back of the neck and top of shoulders region to keep the dog in one general location. Then with the left hand start drawing a fairly big imaginary circle around the dog head still maintaining barely out reach. Just teasing your poor dog to death and be sure the dog follows the treat completely with their head and always gradually drop the treat lower to the ground as you proceed.

Helping them a bit by getting them on their side and getting their head to follow the treat in the roll-over direction is the difficult part of the technique. You may need to help them roll the first several times but, always rewarding them after about two times. It much easier than what its sounds because, dogs love a special treat and they will chase whatever they want to extreme measures to get what they are after. Its nice to have a good trick for your dog to show- off in from others so, when you get chance show your dog how easy is rollover it will be worth the small effort.

Stopping Those Backyard Blues - How to Get Your Dog to Respect the Yard

Does your yard resemble the moon's surface, riddled with craters everywhere? When resolving a digging problem, it helps to know why your dog digs. Reasons for digging are many: to relieve boredom, to hunt vermin, to create cooling pits, to escape under fences and to underneath buried treasures, the list goes on...

A dog left in the yard to exercise alone may choose digging as an entertaining way to burn up excess energy. If the soil has been recently tilled to ready it for planting, it's softer and more enjoyable to dig in than dry, hard-packed soil.

Prevent dogs from digging in newly tilled or freshly planted sections by fencing off your garden patches, laying chicken wire on top of plant beds, or accompanying your puppy on its outings and directing its play toward more wholesome pursuits, such as fetch or hide-and-seek.

Terriers and Dachshunds were bred to hunt vermin, a task that includes dashing down holes to dispatch them. If your lawn is beset by moles, voles, groundhogs or other small mammals, your Parson and Jack Russell, Cairn, Westie or other earth-dog breed will embark on an extermination mission.

The genetic urge to catch and kill these pesky critters is so strong in these breeds that walking them on-leash while they're in the yard may be the only way to control the digging until you can clear your yard of these interlopers.

During hot summer months, some dogs, particularly the heavily coated northern spitz-type dogs (such as Siberian Huskies, Samoyeds and Alaskan Malamutes, to name a few) frequently cool themselves by digging pits in shady areas to unearth moister ground. Plastic wading pools filled with a few inches of cold water can serve the same purpose while saving your sod. Keeping your pup inside the air-conditioned home during the hottest parts of the day is also wise.

Is Your Pup Digging For Sport?

If so, then you had better choose an out-of-the-way spot in the yard in which to establish a doggie digging pit, because this sporting habit is not likely to change. It doesn't have to be huge - a square 1½ to 2 times your dog's body length should do it. Put some sort of visual boundary around it - flat, light-colored stones would be just fine.

Till or aerate the soil, and add a little sand so it's more pleasant to dig in the pit than elsewhere in the yard. To make it even more appealing, toss in a few biscuits or chewies and call your dog over to dig them out.

When you catch your puppy digging in another part of the yard, interrupt it and direct it to the digging pit. When you catch your pup digging in the pit, reward the behavior. Now you're well on your way to a pothole-free yard!

Monday, January 10, 2011

Japanese Akita Dog

The Japanese Akita dog is not for the faint hearted owner. It is a large strong powerful dog with a regal bearing and a sense of its own superiority. It's a loyal dog. Which, when trained to a high standard, makes a wonderful companion, but training is crucial to successful ownership of this dog.

It's a large spitz type dog, full of muscle and latent power, easily recognised by the tail which curls over the back. It has a thick powerful neck and powerful shoulders. The coat is a thick top coat and a soft undercoat. Like most spitz breeds it is a surprisingly quiet dog that is not prone to nuisance barking. Akitas only tend to bark if it senses trouble. When it does bark however it can be frightening.

The Japanese Akita dog is by nature a loner and does not mix well with other dogs.? Especially male dogs. If you are going to own an Akita then extensive socialization is need to get it used to other dogs and even then it's not the kind of dog you can allow to run free on a public park. It requires extensive supervision at all times.

The dog is very territorial and will guard its home space against strangers. This can cause problems when friends or neighbours call to your home, the Akita may not like this. You will need to put him away in a crate or socialize him to frequent visitors.

It is also a very intelligent dog that will become bored easily. You need to keep it engaged when at home. During training the dog will soon become bored if the training is repetitive; if it becomes bored it will just walk away. Stubbornness is also one of its characteristics.

Think very carefully before committing yourself to this dog, do plenty of research. Many Akitas end up in rescue centres because their owners found that looking after the dog was too much for them and owning this dog is a challenge. Don't even consider getting an Akita if you are not a dominant person.

The dog will sense your weakness in no time and seek to take control. It is a natural leader and will only submit to your authority if it senses you are strong, show it weakness and it will take control, if this happens your ownership of the dog will not be pleasant.

If you're thinking of buying a Japanese Akita dog then do your homework. This is not like any other dog. Be prepared for plenty of challenges and to spend a lot of time training the dog. A well trained Akita can make a great and loyal companion for years that will be protective of you and your family but the dog does require extensive training.

Six Types of Small Dogs & Their Temperaments

Small dogs were originally bred to be the companions of royalty. Their sole purpose was to bring their owners companionship, loyalty, and amusement. The types of small dogs that comprise what is now known as the Toy Group were genetically bred to not only be tiny, but to seek companionship from humans as well. The same qualities that made the small dogs a favorite of royals also make them a favorite of Americans today. In fact, according to American Kennel Club registration statistics, since 2000 four of the top ten most popular breeds in the United States have been small dogs.

Despite their rapid increase in popularity, many toy breeds are unknown to most Americans. Following is a list of six types of small dogs in the Toy Group and some information about their history and temperament.

1. Pug

Pug History

The Pug originated in China around 400 BC. and became popular in Europe around 1027 when Prince William II of England, a long time fan of Pugs, became King of England.

Pug Characteristics

The breed is known for having a big personality in a little body and for being even tempered, playful, and loving. The Pug's reason for living is to be near his family and his sturdiness makes him one of the few Toy breeds that are suitable for families with young children. Pugs are comfortable in apartments but can adapt easily to all situations. Pugs shed, but their short coats requires little grooming.

2. Maltese

Maltese History

The Maltese breed was also a favorite of royalty, particularly in Malta. According to the AKC, the gentle, white dogs became known as "Ye ancient dogge of Malta". Now these small dogs are just referred to as "Maltese".

Maltese Characteristics

Maltese's are calm, entertaining, and generally great terrific family dogs. They mature at about 4-7 pounds and they require daily brushing to keep their fine coats from becoming matted.

3. Toy Fox Terrier

Toy Fox History

The American Toy Fox Terrier (TFT) Association states that "The Toy Fox Terrier is truly a Toy and a Terrier, and both have influenced his personality and character. "

While most terriers were bred in England the TFT was bred in the United States by enthusiasts that crossed the Smooth Coated Fox Terrier with various Toys including Chihuahua's, Min Pin's, and Italian Greyhounds.

Toy Fox Characteristics

The Toy Fox Terrier possesses tremendous life-long energy and an acute sense of hearing; characteristics that make him a great watch dog. Like all Toys, the TFT is fiercely loyal to his family. TFT's mature between 7-9 pounds, require little grooming, and are generally easier to potty train than most Toys.

4. Havanese

Havanese History

The Havanese is the national dog of Cuba and the county's only native breed. The combination of the Havanese's study build and it's gentle but playful personality make it a great companion for children.

Havanese Characteristics

The breed requires slightly more exercise than most Toys and its non-shedding coat, while great for allergy sufferers, needs to be regularly groomed.

5. Brussels Griffon

Brussels Griffon History

The Brussels Griffon is one of the few Toys breeds that grew up with a working class history. Originally the breed was developed by crossing Pugs with sable colored Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. This crossing resulted in two distinct types of coat: rough and smooth. The dog's sturdiness and affectionate temperament made them great companions for coachmen who used them as ratters in Belgian stables.

Brussels Griffon Characteristics

The Brussels Griffon is super-intelligent and sensitive but can be self-conscious and shy around strangers. Interestingly, a Brussels Griffon was featured in the 1997 hit movie, As Good As it Gets, starring Jack Nicholson and Helen Hunt.

6. Pomeranian

Pomeranian History

The American Kennel Club's web site indicates that "The breed's name originally came from the historical region of Pomerania (now present day Germany and Poland). Originally weighing nearly 30 pounds, the dog served as an able herder of sheep in its larger form. They were not well known until 1870, when the Kennel Club (England) recognized the so-called Spitz dog. In 1888, Queen Victoria fell in love with a Pomeranian in Florence, Italy, and brought the specimen back to England, influencing its popularity dramatically."

Pomeranian Characteristics

The Pomeranian is now a showy and animated little dog having been bred down to Toy size over the last century. An average adult Pomeranian weighs about 7 pounds. The breed does not require a lot of exercise but does require regular grooming to keep his coat from matting.

Pomeranians - The Right Dog Breed For You?

Are you considering getting a Pomeranian but not sure if it's the right breed for you? There are many good qualities of Pomeranians but there are also some bad ones that people should know before bringing one of these dogs home.

Pomeranians originated from Germany. It is said that they originated from large Spitz dogs. These Spitz dogs came from the Arctic Circle, where they pulled sleds. When Pomeranians were originally introduced into Britain, the breed standard was thirty pounds. Now, the breed standard is seven pounds. It is said that Queen Victoria loved this breed and had many of her own.

Some of the most common colors are red, white, orange and black. A Pomeranian is a very small, compact dog. This makes them well suited to live in any home, even apartments as they do not require a lot of exercise. They are great companions for the elderly and get along well with other pets. Pomeranians love to be around people; they seem to think they should always be the center of attention! They are very affectionate as well as faithful to their owners. Being petted and pampered is one of the Pomeranian's favorite things, but they also enjoy playing. They are very active, lively, playful and very intelligent.

One of the downsides of owning a Pomeranian is that they are very fragile, as are most toy breeds. They can get hurt very easily, because they are so tiny. If you have one of these dogs, you will have to constantly supervise it. They must be either kept indoors, or in a securely fenced-in yard. If they are not completely under your control, they can easily become injured.

Pomeranians are not recommended for families with small children. Many Poms won't put up with any nonsense. They can become overwhelmed from all the loud noises and fast movements that children make which can be very stressful for some dogs. Another aspect of Pomeranians that many people do not enjoy is barking. They will bark at anything new or unfamiliar. To make it worse, their bark is very high pitched and can really become annoying. The barking can be stopped though, if you are consistent.

One of the things that people love the most about this dog is their beautiful long coat. However, if you own one this will require you to regularly brush and comb the hair. If the dog is not regularly groomed, its hair will become matted. Also, Pomeranians are extremely heavy shedders. You will have to vacuum the house very frequently but brushing the undercoat will reduce shedding.

Pomeranians are very independent and can be extremely stubborn. You must be very consistent to show that that you are the boss. If they are not taught as a puppy that the owner is boss, they can become very defiant. Overall, if you are very consistent in training your dog, Pomeranians make great pets. They are extremely intelligent and learn tricks very easily. They are fun to be around because they are so lively and playful. Poms are very loyal to their owners and absolutely love to be the center of attention.

The Miniature American Eskimo Dog

The Miniature American Eskimo dog has a beautiful appearance with its thick white coat. This dog also has a dense and soft undercoat, which is common in Spitz breeds. Their coat is easy to take care of but they shed a lot. These dogs have wedge shaped heads and triangular shaped ears. Some of these dogs have blue eyes but most have brown. The Miniature American Eskimo dog is approximately 12 to 15 inches in height. They weigh somewhere between 25 and 35 lbs.

Another name for the Miniature American Eskimo dog is an Eskie. These dogs came to the United States during the 19th century with German immigrants. They may be descendents of the German Spitz, white Keeshonden, or large white Pomeranians, which also were brought to America. Eventually the American Spitz was called the American Eskimo Dog. During the 1930's and 1940's the American Spitz dogs were trained to use in the circus and were excellent performers.

The Miniature American Eskimo dog is very vigorous and loves to be entertained. They get along good with considerate and well-behaved children. This is a very intelligent and obedient type of dog that can be easily taught tricks. These dogs make a good family dog because they love companionship and plenty of attention. If you don't want an active dog that barks a lot than this dog may not be for you. The Miniature American Eskimo dog is a great watchdog because of their barking and alertness. Even though they make a good watchdog, they will not attack anyone unless they're aggravated.

Since the Miniature American Eskimo dog is very intelligent, you need to stimulate them with activities and socializing. Without stimulation and interesting things for them to do, they can become bored or have problems with their behavior which could result in destructive chewing. They also need to be around people often so they don't become fearful of strangers. It's best to start socializing your dog between 7 weeks and 6 months. It's also important that they are taught socialize during adolescence, which starts between 6 and 9 months and ends between 1 and 3.

This breed of dog usually lives to be around 14 years of age but some have lived longer. Some health problems these dogs may get are hip dysplasia, luxating patella, deafness, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts and urinary tract stones. They may also develop allergies such as flea allergies, which could cause acute moist dermatitis. Some other health concerns are diabetes, epilepsy, and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.

The Miniature American Eskimo dog can live in cold or hot climate. These dogs have extremely dry skin and shouldn't be bathed too often. Once every two or three months is fine unless they get extremely dirty or have an odor. Usually brushing their coats is all that's needed between baths. They are a very clean type of dog and groom themselves regularly. Before you buy this type of dog, remember they're constantly on the go and shed a great deal.

These types of dogs may not like some kinds of food. Try feeding them a few times a day with small meals. The food should be of good quality to benefit their health. Fresh food such as chicken or turkey is a good choice. It's best to buy Miniature American Eskimo dogs from a breeder that's experienced and can tell you everything you need to know about their care.

Sunday, January 9, 2011

The American Eskimo Dog - In Focus

The American Eskimo Dog is a spitz-like breed that has an all-white double coat with short and thick ears. Because of these features, she can fare well in cold climates. This breed has been recognized by the American Kennel club (AKC) since 1994. The American Eskimo Dog comes in toy, miniature and standard versions. Her sweetness and adorability make her a very good family dog.

A Brief History Of The American Eskimo Dog

This breed -- also known as the Eskie --descended from the Keeshond, the Pomeranian, the Volpino Italiano, and one variety of the Spitz breed that originated from Germany. This mix of breeds attributed to the very spitz-like appearance of the Eskie. In fact, she is usually mistaken as a spitz breed.

The Eskie's popularity grew very slowly while the other aforementioned breeds became very prominent. That's why in the 1900s, there were a lot of white spitz-like dogs -- American Eskimo Dogs -- that were homeless. It is believed that European workers adopted these dogs and brought them to the United States. This breed was then registered in the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1913. These white spitz-like dogs were then named the American Spitz by the 1920s. They were usually seen in circus shows and dog shows. Her name was changed to the American Eskimo Dog after World War I and the breed was then recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1994.

Taking Care Of An American Eskimo Dog

Like any other dog, the American Eskimo Dog needs a significant amount of exercise every day; but in her case, her exercise requirement depends whether she is the toy type, the miniature or the standard size. The miniature and toy versions require only a very small amount of exercise daily. They can get by with just a short walk around the block or just a bit of running inside the house. On the other hand, the standard-sized Eskie may require a lot more time for exercise. She needs a good workout every day along with several walks around the neighborhood. In general, American Eskimo dogs love to run around and play a lot, especially in cold weathers.

This dog breed is no stranger to very cold climates. She can tolerate cold temperature very well. In fact, they were not meant to live in warm places. However, she still makes a very good house pet and watchdog as long as she is kept indoors most of the time. You may also need to brush her thick coat at least twice a week to keep it looking great.

The American Eskimo Dog's Health Concerns

A good thing about the American Eskimo Dog is that she isn't prone to any major health problems. However, minor health concerns may arise, such as CHD, patellar luxation and PRA. She can also acquire diabetes -- but only rarely. Vets recommend that you take your Eskie to the clinic to be tested for possible eye, hip and knee problems. This breed's average life span is between 12 to 14 years.

American Eskimo Dogs

I know that you find American Eskimo dog so irresistibly cute with all those fluffy hairs and stuffs. And he can be a real charmer too, American Eskimo dogs are naturally very friendly, playful and devoted, which no doubt you'll find a very pleasing trait for an incredibly cute dog. But, do you know all there is to know about American Eskimo dogs?

American Eskimo dogs originate from arctic regions, accounting much for its fluffy fur. A member of the Spitz dog family, American Eskimo dogs resembles in temperament much like Siberian husky and the malamute in its playfulness nature but possesses more intelligence and thus high train ability than its arctic cousins. American Eskimo dogs are also very friendly, pack oriented that is devoted to every family member and suspicious to strangers. For that they make excellent family guard dogs, barking to announce strangers but won't attack.

These traits make American Eskimo dogs highly suited as companion dogs. Their friendly temperament compounded with their high train ability factor makes them highly prized dogs as family pets. And because they are exceedingly cute, and provides a reason for taking care of (the hair requires substantial brushing) they are top notch choices for first time owners, even children, providing companionship or functioning as therapy dogs.

American Eskimo dogs, like most dogs of the polar region require a degree of exercise or playing, especially when pups where they tend to be so playful with exhaustible energy. And the transition from pups to full grown dogs tend to be slow, so the burden of constant outdoor activities tend to be a burden for some. But this aspect could be a beneficial factor, giving an individual reason enough to sport on their runners and sweats.

The amount of hair on American Eskimo dogs can be a problem. It requires cleaning for one. Though normally American Eskimo dogs are adapted to colder climates thus having a lesser pronation to "doggy sweat" smell, they will still stink enough with dirt easily adhering to their coats. The fur underneath their eyes can stain too, with tear stain if not clean regularly. The routine to keep a clean American Eskimo dogs is therefore a shampoo once a week interspersed with coat brushing.

With regards to tick and fleas, the amount of hair on American Eskimo dogs can be a problem too. Their long hair means a bigger habitable environment for fleas, so an anti flea shampoo should be routinely used aside from regular shampoos the dog may use.

Lastly, with white fluffy hair, red lapping tongue, a few other dogs can be as cute as an American Eskimo dog at play. And playing is what they like best. So make sure if you're bringing home an American Eskimo dog, you're ready to spend some quality park time with him.

Finish Spitz Dog Description, History and Temperament

The Finnish Spitz is recognizable for its bright red fur, they have a double coat with the undercoat being a lighter colour than the longer and courser outer coat. They have an almost fox-like face with pricked up ears, a narrow snout, and dark eyes. They are square in appearance, a deep set chest and profuse amount of fur on their tail which is carried curled up over their back. They have rounded catlike paws and their dew claws are often removed. They are generally between 15-19 inches in height with females weighing between 20-27lbs and the males between 27-33lbs.

History. The Finish Spitz is the national dog of Finland, they are thought to have originated around 2000 years ago when they were brought, by a group of people living in central Russia, into Finland. Due to the area where they lived, which was secluded, the breed managed to stay almost pure throughout the years and developed to the hunters needs. They were first introduced to the UK in the 1920's and to this day they have remained relatively popular not only as working dogs but also as family pets. The Finnish Spitz was used to hunt small game and would alert the hunter with a distinctive bark, it's even been known for these little dogs to chase bears.

Temperament. The Finnish Spitz is an affectionate and inquisitive companion, who loves nothing better than to be part of the family. They can be lively and playful and do not fully mature until between 3 and 4 years of age. They need to be socialized well, from a young age, or they can develop the habit of being aloof with strangers.

The German Spitz

A "Spitz-type" breed is a dog that is compact of body, with dense stand off coat, tail curled over the back and a fox appearance to the head. The German Spitz in appearance is quite similar to that of a small Chow, with less ruff at the neck and a more fox-like appearance to the head. Archaeological findings date the German Spitz to dogs that were of similar body build and size during the Stone Age.

Historically in Germany the German Spitz has been divided into five separate sizes. All sizes of the Spitz can be found in Germany today. Actually these dogs are all considered separate "breeds" but are classed in the F.C.I. (European dog club classifications) as members of the entire "family" of German Spitz. The Spitz family ranges from the 19 inch size (known as the Keeshond) down to the 7-8 inch variety known as the Pomeranian. The Keeshond and the Pomeranian are the sizes most commonly seen in Britain and in the United States. Australia only recognizes the standard size in their dog shows. The breed standard of the F.C.I. distinguishes all variations by size and markings or color but all within the one classification of "German Spitz" while the A.K.C. recognizes the varieties as separate breeds. In Great Britain the Kennel club allows exhibits of all sizes and colorations within one class. At the Kennel Club shows this makes for an interesting and exciting class for spectators to observe, what with all the different colors and markings.

In all the varieties of the Spitz, the coat is termed a "stand-off" coat, meaning that the individual guard hairs stand away from the body and do not lie flat. This makes an easy care coat that requires little brushing to remain mat free. The outer coat is weather resistant and does not mat easily and except for seasonal shedding of the undercoat a weekly brushing is fine. The ears are always upright and the tail is always curled over the back, with shorter fur on the fronts of the legs.

The Spitz was commonly used in Germany as a drover's dog. Queen Victoria was responsible for the introduction of the breed into Great Britain, where it became popular as a companion dog and lap dog. In Great Britain the Pomeranian size gained the greatest popularity. The German Spitz has a lively and inquisitive nature, friendly and outgoing and non aggressive in all respects, making it a dog that blends easily into a household with children and other animals. They are a bit reserved with strangers and give a good warning as a watchdog but are not known for displays of bad temper. The high intelligence and easy trainability of the German Spitz makes it a popular obedience candidate and it is lively enough to be a good agility prospect also. This is a breed that no doubt would make more of a mark in the United States if agility enthusiasts knew about it. The dog's size and temperament make it an ideal apartment dog, needing nothing more than one or two daily walks for exercise.

The American Eskimo Dog - Is This The Dog For You?

These endearing little dogs come in three sizes: toy, miniature and standard. They are highly intelligent, playful characters. They are so delightful that circuses used them in the shows, Barnum and Bailey had a tightrope walking American Eskimo dog! Beautiful in appearance and charming in character, you'd be hard pressed to find a more engaging and entertaining dog.

They are also known as "Eskies" and Miniature Eskimo dogs. Descendents of larger Nordic Spitz dogs, the Eskie was bred to its current size in Europe where they were kept as watchdogs. They were brought to the United States in the early 1900's where they became known as American Eskimo dogs.

Highly active and curious individuals, these dogs require a lot of care and attention if they are to develop into well behaved dogs. Not given the necessary mental and physical stimulation they need, they can become aggressive and destructive and can turn into barking machines! They make great pets for children as they can engage in endless hours of play, in fact they'd love nothing better! They do fine in a yard but need to be walked regularly as well in order to satisfy their pack and migration instincts.

Eskies have long white coats with a dense undercoat that needs regular grooming. They are prone to flea allergies so special care should be taken to avoid flea infestation. The breed sheds a lot and isn't recommended for people with allergies. Ideally they should be bathed no more than once a month as they have dry skin and can develop allergies; frequent grooming will usually keep them clean and ensure their coat stays in top condition. Some individuals have blue eyes but blue eyed Eskimo dogs can be prone to deafness and can't be used as show dogs.

The breed's life expectancy is around 13-15 years and although it is a hardy breed it is prone to breed specific conditions such as diabetes, epilepsy and luxating patella. Special care should be given to the eyes as this breed is susceptible to progressive retinal atrophy. Hip dysplasia is another common condition in the breed.

American Eskimos make terrific pets but do your research before getting one; these dogs require a lot of care and attention and may not be suitable for the laid back dog owner. If you live in a pet intolerant neighborhood or apartment building, think twice before getting an Eskie as they are master barkers!

Finnish Spitz Puppy And Dog Information

The Finnish Spitz makes a great family dog. She likes older children and is generally good with other pets. She needs plenty of daily walks or a properly fenced in yard for exercise. She does not have a dog odor but can tend to be a barker. She is extremely healthy for a purebred and she is the national dog of Finland.

Approximate Adult Size

The approximate adult size (two years old or older) of the male and female Finnish Spitz is 15 to 20 inches to the withers (highest point of the shoulder) and 30 to 35 pounds.

Special Health Considerations

Most dog breeds have certain inherited health problems associated with that specific breed and the Finnish Spitz is no exception. Although she is considered a very healthy breed, be on the look out for canine hip dysplasia (genetic based looseness in the hip joint that can lead to arthritis pain and lameness), and patella luxation (congenital condition in which the kneecap dislocates). This disease list is an informative guideline only. Other diseases may also be significant threats, please contact your veterinarian for a complete list.

She should visit the veterinarian several times in the first year for shots, boosters and check up. Then, as an adult, she should visit the veterinarian yearly for shots and check up. As she gets older, six years and on, she should visit the veterinarian twice a year for check ups and shots. Remember; avoid feeding your dog sweets.


The Finnish Spitz has a double coat, a long hard outer coat and a soft dense undercoat. She sheds heavily seasonally. Her coat is pretty much self cleaning but she still should be brushed regularly. Brushing will help her maintain a clean and healthy coat and help you keep a closer eye on her health and strengthen your emotional bond with her.

Her teeth should be brushed at least twice a week with toothpaste and toothbrush designed for dogs. Brushing removes the accumulation of plaque and tartar which can cause cavities (rarely) and periodontal disease. Dog periodontal disease can lead to pain, loss of teeth, bad breath and other serious disease.

Her toenails may need to be examined for growth and clipped regularly. The toenails of the rear feet grow slower than the toenails of the front feet. Generally a guillotine type trimmer is the best for this chore and competent instructions to accomplish this can be found on the net.

Life Span

The Finnish Spitz can live between 12 and 14 years with proper nutrition, medical care and excellent living conditions.


The Finnish Spitz was bred to hunt elk and bear. They were originally called the Finnish Hunting Dog. They were later turned into bird dogs. She is the national dog of Finland. They were first registered by the American Kennel Association in 1991.

Some Registries

Finnish Spitz Club of America, Inc. UKC United Kennel Club NKC National Kennel Club CKC Continental Kennel Club APRI Americas Pet Registry Inc. AKC American Kennel Club FCI Federation Cynologique Internationale NZKC New Zealand Kennel Club KCGB Kennel Club of Great Britain ANKC Australian National Kennel Club ACR American Canine Registry
Litter Size

3 to 6 Finnish Spitz puppies



Terms To Describe

Gay, happy, fox like, active, friendly, eager, brave, faithful, alert


This is a low odor dog. Highly intelligent. Good companion dog. Great for jogging.

Known for her barking. Can be very strong willed. Sheds heavily during spring and fall. She likes to explore so she must be secured. Often does not like to be petted.
Other Names Known By

Finsk Spets, Barking Bird Dog, Finnish Hunting Dog

Every dog is an individual so not everything in this information may be correct for your dog. This information is meant as a good faith guideline only.

Saturday, January 8, 2011

The American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is loving, alert, beautiful, agile, highly intelligent, friendly, social, curious and strong. She makes an excellent protective watch dog but is not threatening or aggressive. It has a white or cream straight outer coat, with dense undercoat. There is a lion appearance as the coat is longer and thicker around the chest and neck. It has a thick tail carried on the back. Blue eyes in this breed is considered a defect and a problem of ill health or bad breeding.

She will do well in an apartment as long as she can get frequent long walks. A properly fenced yard is always preferable. She was bred to be a family dog and they need plenty of family attention. She is excellent with children. Of course, never leave very young children alone with any dog for any length of time, long or short, without adult supervision.

The American Eskimo Dog is often called a Spitz in America. The Spitz refers to a group of breeds, not an individual breed. He is also nicknamed the Spitz, which again is not a breed but a group of breeds including the Pomeranian, Samoyed, Shiba Inu, Siberian Husky and Finnish Spitz.

Approximate Adult Size

There are three sizes of the American Eskimo Dog, Toy, Miniature and Standard. The Toy runs from 9 to 12 inches to the withers (tallest point of the back), the Miniature runs 12 to 15 inches to the withers and the Standard runs 15 inches to19 inches to the withers.

Special Health Considerations

The American Eskimo Dog, like many large dogs, are prone to hip dysplasia, flea allergies, hot spots, cataracts, epilepsy, patellar luxation, and Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease. They have no tolerance for fleas and can develop severe flea allergies which can result in painful skin lesions. Their skin is naturally dry so they should not be bathed more than one every two or three months. All dogs should have their teeth brushed once a week.


The thick coat is easy to groom, brush twice a week with firm bristle. They are a medium shedder, one in May or June and then again in November and December. Many owners use an undercoat rake to groom which is available online or at better stocked pet stores.

Life Span

They can live 12 to 14 years with proper nutrition and care, although there are cases of 20 year life spans.


The American Eskimo Dog derives from the ancient Spitz family. Hailing from the coastal regions Germany, these dogs were traded throughout Europe. This family dogs probably came to America with German immigrants. They were used as family pets, watch dogs and circus animals. Circuses would sell puppies after performances and this the breed was spread throughout the US. They became popular during the 1930s and 1940s. They are known as the German Spitz in Germany. They were renamed during World War I to remove their national origin since we were at war with Germany. They were recognized as a breed in 1913.


Good with children. Highly intelligent. Very obedient. Good watchdog. Can be protective but rarely will bite. Do not smell like a dog. They groom themselves. Easily trained, especially early.

They love to bark. Can be willful. Prone to weight gain. Responds very poorly to harsh treatment. Can take long to mature, up to two years. Must be trained early as a puppy. Can develop bad habits if not stimulated.

Learn About The American Eskimo Dog Breed

Of all the dog breeds one of the fluffiest and cutest is the American Eskimo puppy. It is from the Spitz family and considered a Nordic breed. When brought to America its name was changed to the American Eskimo dog. It was originally related to the white German Spitz. They originally changed the name because after World War I there were widespread anti-German sentiments. They are now considered to be two separate breeds but the two a very closely related.

Evidence shows that the "White Spitz" was also brought to America by German immigrants. The studbook was closed by the North American Eskimo dog Association in 1969. To gain acceptance into the AKC, The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed in 1985.

On July 1, 1995 the American Eskimo dog was accepted in to the AKC in the Non-Sporting Group. There are three sizes of the breed, the standard, miniature, and of course, the toy. The standard size will reach a height of 15 to 19 inches, and will weigh between 18 and 35 pounds. A miniature will be 12-15 inches tall and weigh 10-20 pounds. A toy dog will be 9-12 inches high and weigh six to ten pounds.

Being a small to medium size dog the American Eskimo dog is a well-balanced, compact Nordic type dog. When it walks or run you will see a smooth gait. The dog is also very alert. There are very distinctive black points on the dogs face. They are around the eye rims, lips and on the nose. The ears also have the black points and are triangular shaped and stand erect.

The coat is two fold. The under coat consist of short dense hair. The outer coat grows through the undercoat with long guard hair. This gives the dog a double coat. The hair should lay flat with no waves or curls. Around the neck and chest the coat is much thicker and forms a ruff similar to a loins. This trait is more pronounced on a male than on the females. The breech look, which is characteristic of the breed, is formed around the back legs to the hocks and is covered in very thick hair also. The tail is loosely carried on its back and is very plum. The color of the American Eskimo dog should be pure white, though white and biscuit cream is also allowed.

As a puppy the American Eskimo is a little on the conservative side but is generally friendly. They are very intelligent and highly alert. If being shown they can be penalized for either aggressive behavior or being overly shy. If you want a watchdog this is a good breed, due to its alertness they will bark when someone is approaching. They do not general threaten to bite or attack people, but they are protective of their area and family. It is quick and eager to learn new tricks.

Though this breed is generally healthy there are a few things it is susceptible to. Owners should pay close attention to any changes in the tear ducts or eyes. Progressive retinal astrophy and hip displaysia also run in this breed. To avoid dermatitis keep the coat free of fleas and clean.

This dog is very active and is best suited for living in an area with a yard where it can run and play. It can become overweight very easily so regular exercise is a must. It would be okay in an apartment as long as you had a place to exercise them. You should brush the dog at least twice a week. Remember it has a thick coat so you will need a comb or brush with bristles that are firm. The breed is not really a heavy shedder, but when it does shed its coat increase the brushing frequency to daily. Wash only when needed.

About Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz are developed in Japan in the 1920s and 30s by breeding a number of other Spitz type dog breeds together. They are recognized by the vast majority of the major kennel clubs, due to its being similar appearance to the American Eskimo and Samoyed dog from other country. A Japanese Spitz is a small dog around 33 cm at the withers, with a somewhat square body, deep chest, and a very thick, pure white double coat.

The Japanese Spitz has wedge-shaped face. It is an intelligent breed and will quickly learn what is required of them if gentle consistency is applied. They are also playful, alert, and obedient, and particularly excellent and loving towards children. They are small enough to enjoy being a lap dog, but do possess an independent nature and a strong will of their own so new owners need to be firm with their pups, but not that harsh because harsh handling and strong verbal and physical discipline are harmful and may be met with resistance. Positive reinforcement of treats and praise will bring out their eagerness to learn and their willingness to please. Socialization at a very early age can introduce the puppy to various people, places, noises, situations and other animals. This will mature into a friendly, confident, well mannered adult. This kinds of dogs are a type of companion dog and prefer to be an active part of the family but they can act as reliable watchdogs.

Although the Japanese Spitz might appear fluffy, they are a low maintenance breed as the coat has a non stick texture often compared to Teflon. This kind of dogs requires weekly care and grooming because a regular routine also ensures that any potential health problems are identified as quickly as possible. But grooming consists of not only brushing out the coat and bathing but also giving attention to the eyes, teeth, ears, feet and nails

Finnish Spitz: Facts You Must Know Before Adopting Finnish Spitz

Breed Description

The Finnish Spitz is a northern breed that resembles a red fox. This medium-sized breed was originally used as a hunting dog, but now they are a bird dog that is used to flush wood grouse. This breed weighs an average between 31-34 pounds, and has a height of 15-20 inches.


The Finnish Spitz has a double coat. Their undercoat is dense and soft, while their topcoat is harsh and long that is one or two inches long. Males have slightly longer and coarser fur than the slightly refined furs of the females. Red gold on their backs, or reddish-brown colors are accepted, preferably bright, with accepted lighter shades on their underside.


The Finnish Spitz loves outdoors, but can adapt to apartment living if given enough exercise. A securely fenced area should be provided for this breed as they love to run free. Requiring a great deal of exercise, this breed should be taken on a long walk, or a jog, as running around a fenced space cannot satisfy their primal instinct to walk.


The Finnish Spitz is known to intermingle admirably with people, children included. This breed is a delightful member of the family, with the ability to play placidly with children, yet rough with other dogs. Some of these dogs love other dogs, and some may be passive or aggressive, and shy. This breed is highly loyal, and so it should be expected to be moody or shy around other dogs. This dog is known to bark on anything they perceive as unusual. This can be prevented through training, although this can make them excellent watchdogs.


The Finnish Spitz is known to be generally great companion animals. They are protective and loyal, but this tends to make them noisy as they bark at anything that is atypical for them.


With a self-cleaning coat that sheds dirt by itself, the Finnish Spitz does not have a doggie odor on their coats. Regular grooming with a comb or a brush is required to remove dead fur as they are known to be a seasonally heavy shedder.


The Finnish Spitz is a highly intelligent breed that is strong-willed and independent. A highly trainable breed requiring a firm but gentle tone and touch, this dog responds best to appreciation than correction. They easily get bored, so training should be kept short, and appealing. Patience is highly essential in training the Finnish Spitz. Owners may feel as if they are not making progress, and suddenly, they will surprise you. This breed is known to be competent in obedience competition, if trained with reward and a lot of praise.


Bred as barking hunting dog, this breed is known to bark at anything they perceive as a threat. It should be noted, though, that although this breed may be barkers, they are well-suited to be a watchdog rather than a guard dog as they rarely bite. This breed makes a delightful family dog and a hunting dog as well, with a big heart for children.

The Japanese Kai Dog

The Japanese have six native Spitz type dogs that are unique to their part of the world. Among these six, the Kai Dog or the Tora Dog is the Shika Inu which means "medium sized" as opposed to Shiba Inu which is smaller. The Kai Dog has the typical Spitz type of short stand-off brush coat and the tail curled tightly over the back, while the head has the wedge shaped look of a fox and the ears are prick.

In the early 1900s there was an influx of western dogs into Japan due to the opening of their borders after the first World War. The Japanese were impressed greatly by the larger size of the dogs and the unique hunting abilities. The two breeds in particular which made a big impression were the German Shorthair Pointer and the Alsatian. For some time the Japanese abandoned their own breeds in favor of the newcomers. In 1930 a Japanese breeder by the name of Haruo Isogai attempted to revive the interest in breeding of these dogs. At that time he developed the categorizing of the native breeds by size and somewhat by function.

The function of the Kai Dog has always been that of a hunter. It is recognized by the F.C.I. as a member of Group 5 (Spitz type). The Kai Dog hunts deer and boar and small game. The alternate Japanese name of this breed "Tora Dog", which means "Tiger Dog", signifies the common coloring of the coat, which is often striped like that of the Tiger. Some breeders will also say that the name implies the disposition of the dog also, for it is a strong willed and cunning hunter and will not pass up the opportunity to hunt independently of its master.

The common colors of the Kai Dog are brindled with black, red, or a generally dark brindle, sometimes with white markings on the legs. However the white markings should not extend above the knee on the legs. Size is usually about 18-22 inches at the withers. The dog should be rather square in appearance and without legginess or ranginess. The Kai has made only a few inroads into other parts of the world. It wasn't until 1990 that there were the first imports into the United States. It is now recognized as a member of the United Kennel Club in the U.S.A. and is a member of the group of dogs which are listed in the F.S.S. registry of the A.K.C.

If its function is that of a household pet the Kai will be very affectionate and strongly loyal and requires a strong owner or it will take over the alpha position in the household. The Kai Dog in Japan is usually found in a hunting dog kennels but may be in the house as a pet more frequently in the United States, in which case it is very often a "one man dog". This is a breed which gets along well with other dogs. The Kai Dog also functions as a guard dog, although it is usually within a fence for it will definitely run off and hunt if allowed to roam free. The Kai is a good household pet when introduced as a puppy to the household, being very affectionate and loyal.

Pomeranian Dog Breed Profile

Description: The Pomeranian is a small Spitz dog weighing between 3 and 7 pounds, and measuring 7 to 12 inches at the withers. The Pomeranian has a long, fluffy coat that can be found in many color varieties such as orange, cream, black, red, spotted, and white. This dog carries its plume-like tail flat on its back. Pomeranians have a short, pointed muzzle, and small, upright pointed ears. This is a confident and active toy dog. The Pomeranian has a delicate body structure. The Pomeranian is also known as the Dwarf Spitz, Pom, or Loulou.

History: Ancient Spitz herding dogs led to the toy dog we know today as the Pomeranian. Originally utilized as sled dogs in Lapland, these Spitz dogs were brought to Pomerania, now part of Poland and Germany, in the 16th century. This early progenitor was considerably larger than today's dog and weighed 30 pounds or more. Mozart and Marie Antoinette kept Pomeranians, but it was Queen Victoria of England who was responsibly for breeding the dogs down to a smaller size. These small Pomeranians became very popular and the breed was officially recognized in 1900.

Temperament: The Pomeranian is a merry and lively dog. It is even-tempered and makes an excellent companion. Pomeranians are very affectionate and attached to their human family. This is an intelligent, trainable dog that also serves as a good watchdog. They do tend to bark quite a bit, though, so should be taught to be more restrained from the start. Since the Pomeranian is such a tiny dog, it is not a good choice as a pet for small children. There is generally no problem with older children or adults.

Health Issues: A major health problem with Pomeranians concerns the breed's high propensity for tooth decay. This can lead to heart or kidney ailments. It is best to feed Poms dry dog food and provide chews that help clean the teeth. Although they do not usually suffer from hip dysplasia, Pomeranians can experience problems with their knee caps, which can shift out of place, causing the affected leg to become stiff. The Pomeranian can develop eye conditions such as cataracts or entropion. The trachea can sometimes collapse, which is a serious condition. The Pomeranian can live for 16 years or more.

Grooming: Since the Pomeranian has a very thick double coat and sheds heavily, it is important to brush the dog daily. The fur can easily become matted otherwise. It is best to use a dry shampoo on the Pomeranian to preserve the dog's coat oils. The owner should clean the ears and eyes every day to help prevent infections. While a daily brushing of the teeth can help prevent decay, a veterinarian should clean the teeth on a regular basis.

Living Conditions: The Pomeranian makes an excellent companion for indoor living. The dog will play and exercise itself in an apartment or house, but the Pom will enjoy and occasional walk or play session outside. While these dogs are not clingy, they definitely enjoy being around their family. They must be kept inside, and are not suitable for outdoor living.

Friday, January 7, 2011

Keeshond Dog Breed Height, Weight, Color, History and Description

Description: The Keeshond is a member of the Spitz group. This dog is 17 to 18 inches, in height and 35 to 45 pounds in weight. This dog has a stocky build, with a wedge shaped head, small but pointed ears and a medium length muzzle, in proportion to the rest of the body. The Keeshond tail is tightly curled and should be carried high. With good straight legs and catlike feet that are solid and well rounded.

This breed has a dense double coat with a very thick ruff around the neck this is more pronounced in the male of the breed. This breed has a long straight and harsh outer coat. The colours are steel or grey with black tips. The undercoat being cream and pale grey this is soft. The Keeshond coat stands away from the main body, which exaggerates the ruff neck. This breed has a very expressive face.

History: The Keeshond breed has Arctic origins, and was known as a dog of the people, as it was a symbol of the rebellions, against the house of Orange, in the 18th century. This breed, as we know it today, came from the Netherlands. It is known to be part of the German spitz family. It was first seen at the 1899 club the German spitz. And the German standards were revised in 1901, and it went on to be recognized by the British kennel club in 1915 then in standards set in 1926.

The Keeshond was recognized by the club and given its present-day name. Thanks to a man called Carl Hinderer, visiting the AKC. The breed was registered in 1930, he had work hard for this recognition and even had all the German standards translated for the AKC. This dog has been known to be a guard dog and watchdog on river boats and barges, but mostly it has been known for being a companion.

The Norwegian Buhund Dog Breed Makes a Great Companion

The Norwegian Buhund or "Norsk Buhund," is a herding dog of the spitz group, and is the farm dog of Norway. Buhunds have the typical spitz characteristics of activity, self-confidence and independence, but are trainable and home-loving with less inclination to hunt than other spitz breeds, having been bred as herding dogs rather than as hunters and draft dogs. These dogs were taken along by the Vikings on their travels and colonising journeys over 1,000 years ago and were the ancestors of the Iceland Dog. They also are said to have influenced the development of the collie breeds.

They love their family and are known for their fondness of children. Although Buhunds do get on very well with children it would be possible for parents to take this too far. Like any breed, they should not be left alone with unsupervised young children who can easily tease, frighten or hurt a dog without realising it.

This breed has also been trained as a hearing dog, and at least one dog was taken through the training course at the RAF Police Dog training school in the United Kingdom. This dog performed protection work and tracking. It was only its lack of size, which reportedly made it unsuitable for this in a practical situation.


Buhunds are often born with double dewclaws on the rear legs; the dewclaws are left on in Norway but are usually removed in Britain and the US.

Breed Clubs

The breed is a registered American Kennel Club Breed with its own club known as the

Norwegian (Norske) Buhund Club of America.

The Norwegian Buhund Club is the Kennel Club registered breed club promoting the interests of the breed in the UK.

Why their Owners Like Them

Norwegian Buhunds are:-

o a medium sized breed, but they are not a toy dog, and are big enough to be a "real" dog. So, for those with small homes and gardens they are particularly well suited. They are smaller than collies and, for example, Labradors, so they are not too big for anyone in reasonable health to be able to handle them with ease.

o are so good as pets because they have a real desire for human companionship. This in particular makes them an ideal family pet as they are very affectionate.

o are vocal and brave but not aggressive. This is a big asset when walking them in town parks and anywhere that chance encounters with people and other dogs may occur. The Buhund owner can relax that this breed will not normally disrupt a peaceful walk by enjoining another dog in an argument. There may be some noise at times but rarely, if ever, anything like a fight.

Breed Characteristics and Variations

The Norwegian Buhund comes in red, black and sandy brown colours.

They are lightly built, with a short, compact body, fairly smooth-lying coat, erect, pointed ears, and a tail carried curled over the back

The coat is smooth and less abundant than some of the spitz dogs and fairly easily to keep.

Within the spitz group the Buhund is a middle-sized breed and a typical Nordic Spitz dog, and has a lively tail that stands vertical and curls.

They may tend to bark somewhat more readily than most breeds. This probably derives from their herding background when high vocality would be an asset.


The Buhund is the Norwegian variant of the original small spitz dog type, which quite remarkably goes back to the stone age, and in fact is thought to have already in the stone-age have been widely dispersed throughout Scandinavia.

In the ancient Gokstad excavation in Norway, six spitz-like dogs of various sizes were found within a Viking grave dating back to about the year 900. It is clear that the buhund's ancestors were expected to continue to protect the herds of their owners, even after the death of their owner.

Interesting Facts

Recently Buhunds, together with Norwegian Lundehunds, have been involved in the experimental endeavours of breeders to achieve the recreation of the barking bird-dog of Norrbotten, which had been removed from the list of recognized breeds in1936 by the Swedish Kennel Club. The reason for this was that it was then regarded as extinct. So, one day you may see this breed breeding true again and re-registered.


If you decide that you seek a real dog, in a small package, with a courageous, energetic, and affectionate character the Norwegian Buhund is the dog for you.

You are lucky to have found this web page because the breed is not very well known. Very many of these dogs are simply chosen by people who know somebody who owns one, and they have been delighted with what they have seen.

If the truth be known many just fall in love with the first dog of this breed they get to know, and they decide that they really want the same delightful companionship for themselves. There can be no better recommendation than this!

Steve Evans is a regular contributor of dog breed related articles.

There are more essential details for this dog breed and many others at The Dog Breeds Compendium.