Hybrid dogs and designer dogs are becoming very popular. However what do these terms really mean. If you are buying a dog or have a dog, how do you know if you have an "official" hybrid or designer pup? Let's take a look.
Have the terms hybrid dog or designer dog just a new way of saying that a dog is not a purebred and is a mix of several breeds or perhaps a pup that is so mixed that no one is sure of the background? Well, when used correctly, the answer is no.
Many people, including breeders, will use the terms hybrid or designer incorrectly. So let's take a look at what these mean and how they should be used.
These terms technique only apply to a dog that is the result of 2 purebred parents. For example, a Maltipoo is a designer dog that has one parent that is a toy Poodle and the other parent is Maltese. This is called a first generation dog.
If that Maltipoo is breed with another Maltipoo or is breed with a Maltese, Poodle or any other dog, the litter that is produced with not be hybrid dogs.
The goal of breeding designers is to someday have them accepted as purebreds. In fact, all breeds that you know of today began in this way. For example, the Pomeranian which is a toy breed originated from large, ancient Spitz sled dogs. They were pure white in color and while they had a lot of similarities in appearance, they were much larger.
Over time, the Spitz dogs were bred with much smaller dogs; the result after countless purpose, controlled breedings and several hundreds years is the Pom as we know them today.
When a pup is the result of 2 different purebreds, this is called a 1st generation dog. If one's goal is to someday have that hybrid accepted as a purebred, then the dog would not be allowed to breed. The parents, however, would keep having litters. The dam is usually safe when mating 2 heats in a row and then having a rest or having a tie every other heat. In most cases, if she is in excellent health, she should be retired by age 6 or 7 and then spayed.
Some people are against the idea of all of this, because it takes away strength from the bloodlines of the purebreds that are being used for this purpose. Those that are in favor of this do point out that this is how all different breeds were created, beginning from the time that dogs descended from the wild wolf.
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